Glaucoma is a group of diseases that damage the eye’s optic nerve and can result in vision loss and blindness. However, with early detection and treatment, you can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss.
Not every person with increased eye pressure will develop glaucoma. Some people can tolerate higher levels of eye pressure better than others. Also, a certain level of eye pressure may be high for one person but normal for another.
Yes. Glaucoma can develop without increased eye pressure. This form of glaucoma is called normal-tension glaucoma.
Glaucoma can be of two types.
At first, open-angle glaucoma has no symptoms. It causes no pain. Vision stays normal. Glaucoma can develop in one or both eyes. Glaucoma affects the peripheral vision, as glaucoma progresses, patients tend to miss objects on the sides and around the corner of the eyes, till only a central tunnel of vision is left. if left untreated, this central tunnel vision also eventually decreases till no vision remains.
Angle closure glaucoma can present with pain, redness, and sensitivity to light. chronic headache is also seen in some patients with angle closure glaucoma.
Glaucoma is detected through a comprehensive dilated eye exam. Your eye doctor will do a detailed assessment including the vision, eye pressure, dilated examination, visual fields assessment, scans of the nerve and measurement of the corneal thickness.
No. There is no cure for glaucoma. Vision lost from the disease cannot be restored. However, with early detection and prompt management, vision in most patients can be preserved.
Glaucoma treatments include medicines, laser treatment, conventional surgery, or a combination of any of these. While these treatments may save remaining vision, they do not improve sight already lost from glaucoma.
If eyedrops have been prescribed for treating your glaucoma, you need to use them as instructed by your eye care professional. Proper use of your glaucoma medication can improve the medicine’s effectiveness and reduce your risk of side effects.
To properly apply your eyedrops, follow these steps:
- Wash your hands.
- Hold the bottle upside down.
the bottle in one hand and place it as close as possible to the eye.
- With the other hand, pull down your lower eyelid. This forms a pocket.
- Place the prescribed number of drops into the lower eyelid pocket. If you are using more than one eyedrop, be sure to wait at least 5 minutes before applying the second eyedrop.
your eye for at least 1