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    Cataract


    What is a cataract?
    A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision. Most cataracts are related to aging.


    What is Lens?

    The lens is a clear part of the eye that focuses the light on to the retina to form clear images. But as we age, some of the protein may clump together and start to cloud a small area of the lens

    What causes Cataract?.

    Causes of cataract : Most cataracts are related to ageing,

    There can be other causes like - Congenital or Developmental ( seen in early childhood)

                                                      - Secondary to injury, uveitis ( inflammation in the eye )

                                                      - Diabetes, Myopia, Glaucoma

                                                      - Exposure to certain types of Radiation


    What are the symptoms of a cataract?

    The most common symptoms of a cataract are:

                            -Cloudy or blurry vision.

                            -Altered color perception.

                            -Glare/ halo may appear around lights.

                            -Poor night vision.

                            -Double vision or multiple images in one eye.

                            -Frequent prescription changes in your eyeglasses or contact lenses.

    How is a cataract detected?

    Cataract is detected through a comprehensive eye exam that includes:

      -  Visual acuity test. A measure of how well you see at various distances.

      -  Dilated eye exam. 

    Your eye care professional also may do other tests to learn more about other details.


    How is a cataract treated?

    Surgery is the only effective treatment. Surgery involves removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial lens.

    A cataract needs to be removed only when vision loss interferes with your everyday activities, such as driving, reading, or watching TV. You and your eye care professional can make this decision together. 

    What are the different types of cataract surgery?

    There are two types of cataract surgery. Your doctor can determine which is better for you:

    1. Phacoemulsification, or phaco. A small incision is made on the cornea, the doctor inserts a tiny probe into the eye. This device emits ultrasound waves that soften and break up the lens so that it can be removed by suction. Most cataract surgery today is done by phacoemulsification, also called small / Micro incision cataract surgery.”
    2. Manual Small Incision cataract surgery. A longer incision is made on the side of the cornea and removes the lens in one piece.                                     

                                                                

    Swastik Eye Hospital offers the best of cataract surgery with some of the top cataract surgeons. We offer a wide range of IOL options for vision correction during cataract surgery and freedom from glasses after surgery.